Provocation to Learn - A Study in the Use of Personal Response Systems in Information Literacy Instruction

  • Maura Alicia Matesic York University
  • Jean M Adams York University


The appearance of Personal Response Systems (PRS) or “clickers” in university classrooms has opened an avenue for new forms of communication between instructors and students in large-enrolment classes. Because it allows instructors to pose questions and receive tabulated responses from students in real-time, proponents of this technology herald it as an innovative means for encouraging higher levels of participation, fostering student engagement, and streamlining the assessment process. Having already been experimentally deployed across disciplines ranging from business to the arts and sciences, it is also beginning to be used in the context of information literacy instruction. In this project we employed the technology not to transfer actual skills, but to advertise the existence of online library guides, promote the use of the library within the context of the course itself, and “provoke” students to adopt a more active approach to research as a recursive process. Our findings suggest that students adapt easily to the use of this technology and feel democratically empowered to respond to their instructors in a variety of ways that include anonymous clicker responses as well as more traditional means such as the raising of hands and posing questions verbally. The particular value of this study was to show that these broader findings seem equally applicable to pedagogical settings in which learning objectives are built around and integrated with the principles of information literacy.

Author Biographies

Maura Alicia Matesic, York University
Maura Matesic is the Division of Social Science Librarian at the Scott Library at York University. Her current research interests include the study of technology in traditional and non-traditional pedagogical settings, e-learning, and collaborative online learning communities.
Jean M Adams, York University
Dr. Jean Adams is presently Assistant Professor at Schulich School of Business (York University Toronto, Canada) with experience in both management and education – school teacher, manager and coach/trainer in the corporate sector, professor in leadership / management education and competence development in BBA, MBA and EMBA programs.
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