Coping among young adults transitioning out of the university in Ghana: a moderated mediation.
Keywords: Ghana, occupational uncertainties, success expectancies, coping strategies, postgraduate education
AbstractThe present study investigated how graduates making the transition to work cope with work and postgraduate uncertainties. The rationale was to investigate whether individuals coping strategy, conceptualized as engagement and disengagement coping, influenced the relationship between the individual’s work uncertainties, success expectancies and postgraduate plans. The sample was final year Ghanaian tertiary students (N=504; male=45.5%) and the methodology was cross-sectional survey. The results indicated that the negative association between perceived work uncertainties and further education expectancies was significant only when the respondents were less engaged. Respondents high in disengagement were less likely to translate the negative effects of work uncertainties on their work-related success expectancies. In conclusion, the results supports assertions that in non-western contexts such as Ghana where the self is seen as more pliable than the environment or in unchangeable situations, coping by targeting the self (as against engaging the environment) may be more effective, prevalent and adaptive.
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