SURG Journal


  • » Vol 9, no. 2 (Spring/Summer 2017) is available for reading below!

  • » Additionally, the journal is currently accepting submissions for upcoming issues.

  • » Those interested in submitting an article to SURG are encouraged to familiarize themselves with SURG's author guidelines and current submission policy here .

  • » What are the benefits of publishing work in an undergraduate research journal? Click here to find out what former Editor-In-Chief Anita Acai has to say about undergraduate publications!

  • » SURG is currently accepting submissions. Prior to submitting work to the journal, please send a pre-submission inquiry to , and consult our Author Guidelines here.

  • » For a brief history of SURG, read this story in At Guelph, or listen to our podcast.

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About SURG

Studies by Undergraduate Researchers at Guelph, or SURG (pronounced "surge"), is a refereed, multi-disciplinary electronic journal devoted to publishing high-quality research articles authored by undergraduate students at the University of Guelph. Developed through a collaboration between the Office of Research and the McLaughlin Library, SURG is an open-access journal, freely accessible to anyone with Internet access.

SURG aims to provide undergraduate students with an opportunity to share their research, and to acquaint themselves with the academic publishing process. To this end, the journal welcomes original research and review articles (often the fruits of fourth-year theses or summer research projects) from all disciplines represented at the University of Guelph.

Are you an undergraduate researcher at the University of Guelph? Check out the author guidelines to familiarize yourself with SURG's submission process. Any questions may be directed to

About Undergraduate Journals

Undergraduate research journals (search) have been developed to involve undergraduates in the academic publication process and provide them with a means to publish work that might not meet the requirements of mainstream academic journals. Undergraduates are involved at all levels, as editors, reviewers, authors, and readers. A unique feature of many undergraduate journals is their multi- disciplinary nature. Few other journals provide readers with the opportunity to learn about subjects ranging from art history to zoology. SURG supports this ideal, and the journal will reflect the diversity of scholarship taking place at the University of Guelph.

Journal Homepage Image

Vol 9, No 2 (2017)

Table of Contents


Front Matter
A welcome from the SURG Editor-in-Chief
Jack McCart


Brock H.R. Tompkins

Special Series

Sara Epp, Emma Drake, Wayne Caldwell
Sharon Findlay


Lori Canes, Zachary De Rose, Meghan Doherty, Shane Liquornik, Nailah Ramsoomair